Source:American Academy of Family Physicians Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)May 15 2019Visits to the doctor for a respiratory tract infection can lead to unnecessary antibiotic prescribing, but an online intervention with real-time information on locally circulating viruses may reduce mothers’ intentions to visit their primary care doctor.A representative sample of mothers in the United Kingdom (N=806) was randomized to receive the online intervention, including locally enhanced influenza statistics, symptom information, and home-care advice, either before (intervention group) or after (control group) responding to a hypothetical respiratory tract infection illness scenario.Participants in the intervention group had lower intentions to visit the doctor than those in the control group when adjusted for demographic and clinical characteristics. Intervention material was generally well received, with information on symptoms and when to visit the primary care doctor rated as more important than information on locally circulating viruses. If the intervention were rolled out widely, the authors surmise that it would have impact, given the high rates at which parents of children with respiratory tract infections visit primary care clinicians. The authors call for research to evaluate intervention effects on observed behavioral outcomes in real-world settings and examine long-term effects and cost-effectiveness.
The intelligent city bus is the result of a joint project between ETH and the Swiss SME Carrosserie HESS, Switzerland’s only bus manufacturer. Credit: Daniel Winkler The rather unusual trolleybus could be mistaken for a tram with its large windscreen and covered wheels. Credit: ETH Zurich Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Putting theory into practice ETH and Carrosserie HESS began working together in 2009. At that time, HESS was experimenting with a diesel hybrid bus, but the energy savings they were achieving were lower than they had hoped for. So when ETH came up with the idea of developing a new energy management system for the bus project as part of a doctoral position, the HESS project coordinators jumped at the chance. The doctorate was funded by the Swiss Commission for Technology and Innovation CTI and the Swiss Federal Office of Energy.There was still quite a way to go before the first bus with ETH software rolled off the HESS production line. From the research side, the project was a resounding success that produced some major fuel savings – but by the time the doctoral thesis was finished, the balance of customer demand had shifted from diesel hybrid buses to electric buses. This brought home the challenges that arise in any partnership between academia and the private sector, with the slow mill of ETH’s scientifically rigorous approach on the one hand, and Carrosserie HESS’s exposure to market dynamics on the other. “What we need is not necessarily a system that is theoretically perfect, but one that works in practice and complies with all the regulations,” says Widmer. “And obviously it has to eventually make us some money!”A project with a future”SwissTrolley plus” is a follow-up project involving the latest electric bus from HESS – and both partners have learned from experience. Once again, a doctoral student at ETH is developing a software program for efficient energy management. But what’s new is that this project brings on board a second research institute in the form of Bern University of Applied Sciences, as well as its first public transport operator in the form of Verkehrsbetriebe Zürich (VBZ). As a result, the ETH researchers can analyse the software in real-world conditions practically on their doorstep, thanks to the pilot bus that VBZ added to its Zurich fleet some 12 months ago.Right now, the smart Zurich pilot bus is the only one of its kind – but not for long. This autumn, three more bi-articulated buses based on the same technology will start operating on local routes. And back at Carrosserie HESS Widmer is confident that other public transport operators will soon follow suit: “A few of them have already expressed interest”.This second joint doctoral project comes to an end next year, but there’s a good chance the cooperation between ETH and HESS will continue in the future. The longer their collaboration lasts, the more issues they find that can best be solved by working together. “Software could potentially help out not just with the driving, but also save energy used for heating and air conditioning,” says Widmer. ETH Professor Onder agrees without hesitation: “That’s definitely an interesting and relevant area for researchers to look into.” Citation: Research helps make buses smarter (2018, September 4) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-09-buses-smarter.html HESS J1943+213 is an extreme blazar, study finds This intelligent city bus is the result of a joint project between ETH and the Swiss SME Carrosserie HESS, which is headquartered in Bellach in the canton of Solothurn. Carrosserie HESS is Switzerland’s only bus manufacturer – and ETH has developed an energy management software package tailored to its needs. Using algorithms, the software determines when the bus should alternate between the overhead wires and battery pack by identifying the optimum source of power at each particular moment. For example, during a hill climb the most sensible choice is to drain the traction battery, because the bus can subsequently take advantage of regenerative braking on a downhill stretch to recharge the battery “for free”. This method can reduce energy use by up to 15 percent, which translates into considerable cost savings.Competitive advantageThis collaborative project offers advantages on both sides. HESS benefits from a capacity for innovation that would be inconceivable without a research partner. “We simply don’t have the resources to develop that kind of efficient energy management system on our own,” says Martin Widmer, who is responsible for the project at Carrosserie HESS. Working with ETH has allowed the Swiss company and its approximately 260 employees to maintain a competitive edge over far bigger rivals from other countries.For their part, ETH researchers are able to translate their theoretical expertise into concrete projects. The scientific complexities of hybrid buses are a good choice of topic for contributions to academic journals, says Christopher Onder, Professor at the Institute for Dynamic Systems and Control at ETH. “The project attracts students like a magnet,” he adds, noting that the joint projects carried out with HESS to date have already yielded some 30 semester projects and Bachelor’s and Master’s theses. What’s more, a number of students have already completed an internship at HESS, while others such as Martin Widmer have taken on permanent positions at the SME after finishing their degree at ETH. Provided by ETH Zurich A rather unusual trolleybus has been navigating the streets of Zurich in recent months. With its large windscreen and covered wheels, it could easily be mistaken for a tram – but it’s not just the design that makes this bus so unique. For a start, it features a hybrid electric drive system that allows it to draw power from an on-board traction battery as well as overhead wires. But this bus is also “smart”, boasting specially designed software that automatically gathers information on the route. That means it always knows what to expect – whether that’s a downhill stretch or a dead wire up ahead.
Nirmohi Akhara, one of the litigants in the Ayodhya case, on Tuesday moved the Supreme Court opposing the Centre’s plea seeking return of 67.390 acre of “non-disputed” acquired land around the disputed Ram Janambhoomi-Babri Masjid site to original owners.The Allahabad High Court in 2010 had decided that 2.77-acre disputed land at Ram Janambhoomi-Babri Masjid site would be divided into three equal parts and will be handed over to — Nirmohi Akhara, Sunni Waqf Board, and Ram Lalla.Also read: Centre seeks SC’s permission to return land around disputed Ayodhya siteThe Nirmohi Akhara, in its fresh plea, has opposed the Centre’s application by which it had sought modification of the Supreme Court’s 2003 order to allow it to return to original owners the 67.390 acre of “non-disputed” acquired land around the disputed Ram Janambhoomi-Babri Masjid site in Ayodhya.The application has said that the Centre has proposed returning of acquired land to Ram Janambhoomi Nyas and that there are many temples on the acquired land and their rights would be affected if the land is returned to one party.The apex court had recently appointed mediators to find an amicable solution to the vexatious land dispute. Supreme Court forms 3-member team to resolve Ayodhya dispute Supreme Court of India COMMENT SHARE Ayodhya April 09, 2019 RELATED Chronology of Ayodhya land dispute case Published on SHARE SHARE EMAIL COMMENTS
Next Andhra Pradesh: YS Jagan Mohan Reddy govt presents its first budgetThe YS Jagan Mohan Reddy government on Friday presented its first Budget in the Andhra Pradesh Legislature with a total outlay of Rs 2.27 lakh crore for 2019-20.advertisement Press Trust of India AmravatiJuly 12, 2019UPDATED: July 12, 2019 22:02 IST Andhra Pradesh CM Jagan Mohan Reddy. (Image: Twitter)The YS Jagan Mohan Reddy government on Friday presented its first Budget in the Andhra Pradesh Legislature with a total outlay of Rs 2.27 lakh crore for 2019-20.In February, the then Telugu Desam Party government had presented a Rs 2.26 lakh crore vote-on-account budget ahead of the general elections.The revised estimates for 2018-19 showed a cut of over Rs 29,000 crore in the budget, against the Rs 1.19 lakh crore estimates presented in March last year.Finance Minister Buggana Rajendranath, who presented his budget, estimated that the revenue deficit would be Rs 1,778.52 crore and the fiscal deficit Rs 35,260.58 crore.The huge revenue deficit continues to be a cause for concern as the state, reeling under an acute financial crisis, is faced with a mounting expenditure bill with the introduction of numerous new doles for different sections.As per the figures given by the Finance Minister, the revenue deficit in 2018-19 was estimated to be Rs 11,654.91 crore, down from Rs 16,151.68 crore in the previous year.Of the total expenditure of Rs 2,27,974.99 crore proposed in the 2019-20 Budget, revenue expenditure estimated alone would be Rs 1,80,475.94 crore, Finance Minister Buggana Rajendranath said.Capital expenditure was estimated at Rs 32,293.39 crore, including Rs 8,994 crore towards principal repayment of public debt.Incidentally, the states debt burden soared to Rs 2,58,928 crore by the end of the 2019 fiscal.”This government has inherited probably one of the worst financial positions ever inherited in the history of our country.The debt of the residuary state at the time of bifurcation (in June 2014), which was Rs 1,30,654 crore, reached a whopping Rs 2,58,928 crore by 2018-19, Buggana Rajendranath said.Further, over Rs 10,000 crore was borrowed through various corporations and diverted for spending by government.Another Rs 18,000 crore worth bills were kept pending, he added.”With all these liabilities, as soon as we came into the government, we were told that there was a resource gap of around Rs 45,000 crore to fulfill the commitments under.Vote-on-Account budget presented in February.This resource gap is further amplified by the budget necessary for our new programmes, Buggana Rajendra also said.The demand for Special Category Status to Andhra Pradesh thus gained significance, the Minister noted.”The Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 was passed only after Special Category Status was promised and this was not the case with any other bifurcation.Andhra Pradesh is the only state that is demanding Special Category Status for reasons beyond its control, as bifurcation has severely deteriorated the finances of the state,” the minister pointed out.Also, Andhra Pradesh was the only state whose Special Category Status was approved by the Union Cabinet but has been pending for implementation, he said.”Therefore, I am appealing to the Prime Minister and Government of India that Andhra Pradesh be given Special Category Status,” the Finance Minister said.Summing up his presentation, Buggana Rajendranath quoted the great political philosopher Chanakya, saying the latters”Chaturvidha Vikasa” (four-pronged development) would be the goal of their government.”Achieving the desired target,sustaining the achievement, expanding the sustained achievements, ensuring expanded results…are useful for all, the minister said, quoting ChanakyaALSO READ | Lok Sabha clears bill to set up central, tribal universities in Andhra PradeshALSO WATCH | Nataka in Karnataka: Rahul Gandhi breaks his silence, says BJP using money power to topple govtsFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byKritika Kashyap Tags :Follow Y S Jagan Mohan ReddyFollow Telugu Desam Party (TDP)Follow budget 2019-20Follow Andhra PradeshFollow Buggana Rajendranath Reddy