Following the retrenchment of social policy under a period of turbulent military rule, Chile has endeavored to drastically reform its healthcare and pension systems, aiming to reduce poverty, inequality and provide a model for other nations seeking change. Rossana Castiglioni, head of the political science department at Chile’s Universidad Diego Portales, outlined this social policy journey during her Tuesday lecture, titled “Against All Odds: Social Policy Rollbacks in Democratic Chile.” Castiglioni said the democratically elected presidents of Chile in the 1990s, Patricio Aylwin and Eduardo Frei, inherited a system that split healthcare between public provision under Fonasa, a fund into which workers paid seven percent of their monthly income, and Isapre, a system of private healthcare providers. For an additional premium, workers could buy into the private Isapre system in order to receive greater benefits and overall superior care. Castiglioni said this system generated enormous amounts of inequality, with private providers charging certain demographic groups discriminatory prices in the hope of driving high-risk individuals to seek Fonasa government insurance. “If you were a woman and you were at an age to have kids, they will charge you a lot,” Castiglioni said. “And if you are old, either pray or pay, because they will charge you a lot of money.” Castiglioni said Aylwin and Frei were content to preside over further expansion of the private sphere of the healthcare system disproportionately favoring the wealthy. She said it was not until President Ricardo Lagos took office from 2000 to 2006 that efforts were made to address growing inequalities and bolster support for the nation’s vulnerable citizens. By introducing his AUGE plan, granting access to medical attention within a clear timetable to all patients who reach the inclusion criteria for one of 69 pathologies or medical conditions, Lagos implemented the greatest change to Chilean healthcare in 20 years, Castiglioni said. She said despite Lagos’ concerted effort to eliminate discrimination in the private health system, and despite a recent ruling of the Chilean Constitutional Tribunal declaring such discrimination “inadmissible,” the issue has not yet been resolved. “Lagos tried to tackle inequalities and discrimination, particularly in terms of age and sex, but the truth is that even though other parts of his reforms were approved discrimination still exists,” Castiglioni said. Following Lagos’ term, President Michelle Bachelet took up the banner of social policy after Lagos’ departure from office, putting together an advisory council to elaborate a pension reform proposal, Castiglioni said. The March 2008 law drawn up by this team of economists and sociologists stood as a capstone of Chilean social reform, introducing a “basic solidarity pillar” through which 40 percent of the poorest of the population, many of who had never contributed to the system, would be entitled to receive an old age pension or a disability pension of around 100 dollars. Although the recent changes in Chilean social policy have had a significant impact, Castiglioni said she ultimately does not feel they should be classified as structural reform. She blamed the lack of true structural reform on the dispersion of power, weakness of non-state actors and ideological distribution of the political system. These three factors are holding Chile back from taking more aggressive steps in reforming its system of social protection, Castiglioni said.
Facebook Twitter Google+ Published on March 7, 2017 at 11:14 pm Contact Nick: email@example.com | @nick_a_alvarez Syracuse goalkeeper Asa Goldstock has a problem. Opponents are taking her supposed strength and turning it into a weakness. Throughout her lacrosse career, Goldstock came out of the net more than other goalies do. But through seven games, college offenses have exposed her.“I’m a lot more active and more athletic than other goalies,” the freshman said. “I don’t really sit tight. I play more as another defender.”That’s left the goal empty, at times. In several games this season, she tried to jump out and intercept the ball. Other times, she ran the ball out to midfield, hesitated and threw the ball away. It happened in the season opener, then against Binghamton, then against Albany — when her flub almost cost SU the game — and last week against Virginia. SU head coach Gary Gait pulled her before halftime against UVA. (She reentered less than two minutes later).Goldstock’s tendency to come out of the net helped make her the No. 3 recruit in the country. But through seven games, No. 4 Syracuse’s (7-0, 2-0 Atlantic Coast Conference) play in goal has kept lesser teams in games longer than they should. Through seven games, Goldstock leads the team with 12 turnovers.The Niskayuna, New York, native didn’t start her career in net. Her lacrosse journey originated on attack with boys teams. Her cousin asked her to play goalie and she hasn’t left the spot since. She hasn’t lost the aggressiveness that came with playing attack. On club teams, Goldstock broke the seal of her crease and pressured opposing attacks. When Goldstock’s aggressive style of play worked, she began to push farther and farther out, her mother Tiffany Moore said.AdvertisementThis is placeholder textBefore the season, Goldstock said that in practice her strategy had worked. Junior attack Riley Donahue, who ranks second on the team in goals (13), said the freshman’s aggressiveness frustrates her. When the season started, Goldstock stumbled.In the second half against Binghamton, Goldstock sprung from her crease and intercepted a pass. As she looked around for an outlet, a Bearcats attack knocked the ball from her stick and gained possession.Teams invite Goldstock to come out of the net with the ball. Against Virginia, the freshman made a stop and immediately looked for a teammate but found none open. The Cavaliers matched up on every SU defender and midfielder, forcing Goldstock to take the ball up the field, more than 50 yards from her crease.When Goldstock’s feet crossed midfield, Gait yelled. As the shot clock ticked down in what was a close game, Gait called for her to pass the ball. Flustered, Goldstock flung a pass over the head of Kathy Rudkin and UVA regained possession.Goldstock saves 50.5 percent of shots faced, good for 16th in the country. She said she believes she has quickly adapted to the increased velocity of shots hurled at her by collegiate attackers and midfielders.Against Virginia, the Orange trailed 11-2 in the first half. Goldstock posted her worst save-percentage of the season (.317), but SU mounted a furious comeback to win. Asked why he took Goldstock out of the game and put her back in net just a minute later, Gait chuckled and sarcastically asked why he waited so long. Comments
BILL NEAL by Bill NealFor New Pittsburgh Courier :10 Hi my name is Michael Vick. This is a message to all the haters out there. I am about to sign a new contract for $20 million big ones…NUFF said!:09 Tiger Wood’s ex-caddie who Wood fired last month won the WGC Bridgestone with Adam Scott. Tiger finished tied for 37th. That’s Karma baby! :08 I know most of you don’t want to listen to what I am telling you most of the time because…well because I know more than you. (Just kidding City League people) but here are five things you can take to the Bank!! And remember I told ya so.1. Tiger won’t win again until he brings the women back. The past was no accident mmmaaannn!2. Pirates don’t start losing when the Steelers start playing…well!!3. J-Lo is so fine she scares me, and I only see her on TV help me Lord!4. Cam Newton will be a superstar this year and Terrell Pryor next year.:07 You will know the country is in financial bankruptcy when auto racing is done. I mean just going around in a circle 500 times. There can’t be a bigger waste of money. I am just saying.:06 College football is back. Now let’s see if Pitt’s going to be it! I say yes.:05 Shout out’s to: Terrence Taylor, former great player, military guy, Connie Hawkins League player and ref. and John Brewer, the keeper of the historic castle in Pittsburgh and the rest of the crew over at the Wilkinsburg Penn Avenue McDonalds. And to my new main man Chef James Hurt the food guru over at Mercy Hospital and his fiancé Claudia Yates who works at the Urban League East Hills Family Support Center. One of my young stars Bryant Mungin is project director. That means it’s being done right. He’s a “Champion graduate.” Keep reading James, I couldn’t do it without you. James is a South Hills grad. Came out with Kirk and Jennifer Bruce back in the day. (Yeah I know, more city leaguer’s…what ya gonna do, they’re everywhere?):04 Why not bring Randy Moss to Pittsburgh…why not, why not, why not???:03 Hey thank you once again, Monroeville First Friday Par-Tay people, another great night. Thanks to the Gibson’s, Ms. Renée and Ms. Roxy, all of your donations helped 50 plus kids have a great time at the Armon Gilliam Memorial “Hard Work” Basketball Camp.:02 Now…time to get ready for the greatest “White Party” in Pittsburgh coming up on Sept. 8, at the magnificent Fox Chapel Yacht Club. Here’s the deal: 6-8 p.m. Reception-Happy Hour…Relax and get a seat; 8 p.m. Old School D.J., Cash Bar/Cash Kitchen (no free food man)!!; Meet the Fabulous Diamond Models; SoulPitt gift bags to the first 100 people; 50/50-prizes and surprises. Go to the SoulPitt website for all the details.:01 Pittsburgh, when you have the opportunity, say thanks to Charles “Chuck” Powell. He’s a special man doing special things for Pittsburgh and you!“DOUBLE OVERTIME”:00 Shame on everyone of you…especially Black folk’s if you haven’t been to the Savoy Restaurant and Social Hot Spot. Chuck Saunders has done a fantastic job with the operation and we all must support it. That means everybody…even you Woodland Hills grads.Game Over
“…and Dhoni finishes it off in style. A magnificent strike into the crowd. India lift the World Cup after 28 years and its been an Indian captain who’s been magnificent on the night…”Indians all over the country will recognise these words, and the voice that has come to be associated with that moment MS Dhoni launched Nuwan Kulasekara into the Wankhede stands for India to win the 2011 World Cup.That is how most cricket lovers now would know Ravi Shastri, as a commentator.Testament to that would be the fact his was again the voice to call the winning moment in MS Dhoni’s other World Cup win back in 2007.”…in the air…and Sreesanth takes it. India win…”His tryst with the Indian team and World Cups didn’t come to an end there.In 2014, he was appointed the director of Indian Cricket team for a period of two years from India’s tour of England till the World T20 2016.Shastri had a good run as India won an ODI series against England, reached the semi-finals of the 2015 World Cup and 2016 World T20, won a T20I series in Australia and clinched the Asia Cup.But what about Shastri the player, little memory of which has lasted in the psyche of the nation given his commentating days.He made his Test debut in the first Test against New Zealand back in February 1981. He started his career as a specialist left-arm orthodox bowler batting at number 10 and by the time he was playing his last Test in December 1993 against South Africa, he had metamorphosed into an opening batsman while occasionally rolling his arm over.advertisementIn between playing a total of 80 Tests, he had amassed 3830 with the highest score of 206 which came against Australia.Signs of future leader can be traced back to his first success as captain, which came leading his school, Don Bosco High School (Matunga), to their first ever Giles Shield in 1977. The fact that the previous year he had lost the final as a player makes the win even more justifying in proving his mettle as a leader. And when he finally made his debut for the Bombay Ranji team, he was the youngest ever.He had established himself as a dependable opener by the time the 1983 World Cup came around. He partnered Krishnamachari Srikkanth, as Sunil Gavaskar was coming to the end of his playing days. He lifted India’s first World Cup trophy even though he didn’t get to play in the final.His next big success came in 1985 in ‘The Champion of Champions’ tournament. Shastri scored 182 runs and took 8 wickets, for which was he awarded the man of the series and won an Audi 100 car for his efforts.His stint with the English county side Glamorgan could do little to help his fledgling career at the time. He had become a notoriously slow batsman, slowing down dramatically while batting in the forties and nineties.As Kapil Dev’s reign as captain of the team started to wane, Dilip Vengsarkar had become one of the best batsmen in the side and was naturally seen as the replacement for captaincy.’Shastri eventually retired from international cricket in 1992 with 3108 runs and 129 wickets in 150 ODIs and 3830 runs and 151 wickets in 80 Test matches.